Most of the CCTV / Surveillance equipment manufacturers today provide a do-it-yourself (DIY) CCTV package for those who want to install the system themselves. Netmax Solutions is one of the authorized distributors of Hikvision Surveillance equipment and one of the most popular products is the 4 Channel Hikvision CCTV Kit. A lot of the people today are quite techie enough to understand technical terms but I want to do a step by step procedure on how to install a Hikvision D-I-Y CCTV kit for those who are not-so-techie individuals. Before we start, we must first understand the components of the CCTV kit and along the way, I will include some helpful tips that can prevent future problems that can affect our CCTV System.
The kit is usually made up of:
- 4 units of CCTV Cameras
- 1 unit of Digital Video Recorder
- 4 units of 18 meters pre-cut cables
- 1 unit of 5 in 1 DC Power splitter
- 1 unit of 12-Volts 5 amps Power adapter
Below are the step by step procedure on how to install your D-I-Y CCTV kit:
- Choose a location for the Digital Video Recorder (DVR). It is usually in a discreet location and well ventilated.
- Choose a location where to mount the CCTV camera. You must consider the distance of the camera is under the length range of the pre-cut cable which would 18 meters going to the Digital Video Recorder DVR. Click on this link to know more about CCTV Camera lenses and their coverage.
- For ceiling type CCTV camera installation, you can conceal the connectors by drilling a small hole in the ceiling enough for the connectors to fit and can be covered by the camera once it is mounted. TIP: If ceiling is accessible, provide a junction box to enclose the connectors and protect it from rodents and other factors that could damage the connectors. If not, secure it with an electrical tape.
- For wall type CCTV camera installation, you can conceal the connectors by providing a junction box mounted into the wall and mount the CCTV Camera into the cover of the junction box. Drill a small hole at the center of the cover of the junction box, enough for the connectors to fit and can be covered by the camera once it is mounted. TIP: For all weather protection, provide an IP65 outdoor box to protect connectors from water leakages and dust. Contact us if you want to know more about IP65 outdoor box.
- Connect the cable connectors of the pre-cut cable into the designated camera connector; one for video which is usually comes in yellow color and the other for DC power which usually comes in red color.
- For simple and easy layout, use a ladder and lay the cable out high enough that it will not be easily tampered and then use U-shaped PVC clips to secure the cable in place. Put a clip every 1 meter when securing the cable and do this until you reach the location of the DVR. If you want to conceal the cable inside the ceiling, you may want to hire an electrician to do it for you. TIP: It is advisable to protect your pre-cut CCTV cable with cable conduits to avoid damage due to weather, heat, vandalism and rodents. Contact us to learn more about cable conduits.
- Repeat this process in all remaining cameras.
- After the pre-cut cable lay-out is complete, we must now have 4 home-run cables in our DVR. You must install a CCTV hard drive inside the DVR for video recording storage. Click on this link for the procedure on how to install Hard Drive inside the DVR. TIP: To avoid recording issues due to hard drive failure use Surveillance type hard drives instead cheap computer hard drives. Contact us to learn more about Surveillance Hard Drives.
- After securing the home-run pre-cut cables in the DVR’s location, connect the connectors into the video ports of the DVR which usually has numbers port # 1 to port # 4 and connect the DC power connector in each of the power connectors in the DC splitter. The 5th connector for the DC splitter is for the DC power port of the DVR. That means that the 12 volts, 5amps DC power adapter will supply power all 4 cameras including the DVR.
- For monitor screen options, you can either use VGA cable or HDMI cable which will depend on the type of Television or Monitor screen you want to use.
- Once the monitor is connected, you can now plug-in the power adapter into the power source and power up the DVR. TIP: To protect the CCTV equipment from power surge, we must provide a good quality Automatic Voltage Regulator (AVR) and Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) for power backup during a power outage. Contact us to know more about AVR and UPS for CCTV System.
- And finally, for quick and easy configuration of the DVR, you can follow the setup wizard which will guide you to create a security password, initialize and configure the hard drive, setup the recording settings and connect it to a network. Click on this link for the procedure on how to configure P2P settings in the DVR for tablet and smartphone remote monitoring.
The key to maximize the lifespan of your equipment is by installing it with proper equipment and protection. Installing the system with minimal protection or exposed layouts will cause problems in the future that will damage the equipment. So do not settle for sub-standard setups which are usually offered with a lower price because you will have to spend more over time to fix all the problems that will occur due to poor installations and in worst cases, replace the damaged equipment.
About the author
Alfie D. is a technology solutions consultant for Netmax Solutions with over 10 years of experience working in Telecommunications Industry. He is a passionate learner who likes to discuss technology ideas with friends. He is also a front end web developer, system integrator, network administrator and likes to play the guitar.